- (1893-1973)politician; a KPD functionary who sur-vived to lead the Socialist Unity Party (SED) in the German Democratic Re-public. Born to a working-class home in Leipzig, he left school in 1907 to apprentice as a cabinetmaker; he soon joined the socialist youth movement. He entered the SPD in 1912 and began studies at Leipzig's Workers' Institute. By the outbreak of war he was associated with the SPD's left wing. He was drafted in 1915; his desertion in 1918 brought two months' imprisonment.After a second desertion Ulbricht escaped incarceration and arrived in Leipzig just as the November Revolution* was unfolding. Joining the Spartacus League,* he served with Leipzig's Workers' and Soldiers' Council*; in January 1919 he helped organize the city's KPD. A gifted organizer, if lacking in cha-risma, he was so productive that the Party appointed him Thuringia's* district secretary in April 1921. After proclaiming in 1922 that "the measure of the party's capacity for action" was a foothold in the factories, he was elected in 1923 to the Zentrale and given authority to organize factory cells. Engaged in Thuringia's botched 1923 uprising, he lost his Zentrale seat and, facing arrest, fled to Moscow to train as a Comintern agent. Briefly assigned to Vienna and Prague, he reappeared in Berlin* in September 1925. He reentered the Zentrale in 1927 and was elected in 1928 to the Reichstag* (he retained his seat until 1933). During a hiatus in 1928 when Ernst Thalmann* was relieved of his Party offices, Ulbricht served as KPD emissary to the Comintern. As Berlin-Brandenburg's district secretary in 1929-1933, Ulbricht organized strikes, parades, and street encounters. Steadily espousing Moscow's line, he dubbed the SPD "the moderate wing of fascism." After spending most of 1933 in the resistance, he fled to Prague in October and then went to Paris in 1936 to work with Wilhelm Pieck.* Summoned to Moscow in 1938, he avoided a charge of "deviationism" (fatal to numerous colleagues) and helped organize the National Committee for a Free Germany. He returned to Germany in April 1945 as head of the Communist working group. In 1949, upon Germany's di-vision, he became general secretary of the SED.REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Stachura, Political Leaders; Carola Stern, Ulbricht; Hermann Weber, Kommunismus.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ulbricht, Walter — Geboren am 30. Juni 1893 in Leipzig als Sohn eines Schneiders, erlernte Ulbricht das Tischlerhandwerk. 1912 trat er in die SPD ein, war von 1915 bis 1918 Soldat und wurde 1919 Mitglied der neu gegründeten KPD. 1923 war Ulbricht bereits Mitglied … Universal-Lexikon
Ulbricht, Walter — born June 30, 1893, Leipzig, Ger. died Aug. 1, 1973, East Berlin, E.Ger. German communist leader and head of East Germany (1960–73). He joined the German Communist Party after World War I and was elected to its central committee in 1923. He led… … Universalium
Ulbricht, Walter — ► (1893 1973) Político alemán. Fue artífice de la creación de la R. D. Alemana y ocupó la presidencia del Consejo de Estado en 1960 73. Guardó fidelidad a la política soviética. * * * (30 jun. 1893, Leipzig, Alemania–1 ago. 1973, Berlín oriental … Enciclopedia Universal
Ulbricht,Walter — Ul·bricht (o͝olʹbrĭkt, brĭKHt), Walter. 1893 1973. German politician who was general secretary of East Germany s Socialist Unity Party (1953 1971) and chairman of the council of state (1960 1973). He ordered the building of the Berlin Wall (1961) … Universalium
Ulbricht — Ulbricht, Walter … Enciclopedia Universal
Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht — Walter Ulbricht 1946 Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht (* 30. Juni 1893 in Leipzig; † 1. August 1973 am Döllnsee nördlich von Berlin) war ein deutscher Politiker (erst KPD, später SED) und … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walter Ulbricht — (1950) Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht (* 30. Juni 1893 in Leipzig; † 1. August 1973 in Groß Dölln, DDR) war ein deutscher Po … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walter Ulbricht — 2º … Wikipedia Español
ULBRICHT (W.) — ULBRICHT WALTER (1893 1973) Né à Leipzig dans une famille de condition modeste, Ulbricht est d’abord apprenti, puis ouvrier ébéniste. Tôt, il s’affilie à une association de jeunesse socialiste, et entre au S.P.D. (Parti social démocrate) à dix… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Walter — Walter, Bruno Walter, John * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Walter S(ydney) Alvarez, Luis W(alter) Bagehot, Walter Walter Lanier Barber Beaton, Sir Cecil (Walter Hardy) Benjamin, Walter Brattain, Walter H(ouser) Richard Walter Jenkins, Jr.… … Enciclopedia Universal